crisis poses serious danger to Russia's future
public opinion research center has recently conducted an opinion
poll devoted to the current demographic crisis and possible ways
out of the situation. Seventy-five percent of the polled Russians
said that a certain raise of family allowances could ease the
depressive situation and provide more or less acceptable living
conditions for young Russian families.
of respondents said that the Russian population does not face
the danger of extinction, although it does experience severe demographic
problems. Forty-four percent of the polled said that they viewed
the situation in the country as critical.
The poll has
proved that the demographic crisis in Russia was taking rather
dangerous forms. According to the Russian Statistics Committee,
the death rate in Russia is 1.7 times higher than the birth rate.
If this tendency is preserved during the forthcoming years, the
Russian population will reduce by 2050 to 80 or 10 million people
only (calculations conducted by the Russian Academy of Sciences
and the Statistics Committee).
concerns about their future mirror the real state of things with
the national demography. Thirty-seven percent of the polled believe
that the crisis is directly connected with alcohol and drug addiction.
The general ageing of the population and the decreasing number
of able-bodied citizens was pointed out as serious problems by
14 percent of respondents who participated in the opinion poll.
AIDS, sexually transmitted diseases and the increasing amount
of HIV-infected individuals exacerbates the demographic crisis
in Russia, nine percent of the polled said. The growing amount
of immigrants in the structure of the Russian population is considered
a negative trend in the present-day Russian society too, according
to five percent of respondents.
believe that the general reduction of the birth rate, connected
with the declining living standard of the population is the basic
reason of the current demographic crisis. Forty percent are certain
that the current conditions have been caused with the legacy of
the Yeltsin era and the social policy which his administration
conducted in the country. Thirty-one percent of the polled look
for the roots of the problem in declining public morality, pointing
out the weakening of family values.
factor was named as the most efficient way to overcome the crisis.
Seventy-five percent of Russians said that government needs to
raise family allowances to young families. Forty-five percent
said that one should develop the social infrastructure first and
foremost (schools, kindergartens, etc). Twenty-four percent of
respondents said that they believed in the effect of healthy lifestyle
propaganda. Very few people (from one to four percent) pointed
out the need to introduce the grounds of the Orthodox culture.
The poll revealed
that people of limited means had a better understanding of the
problem. Quite on the contrary, financially secure and wealthy
Russians do not think that such a problem as depopulation actually
exists in the country.
country with the 144-million strong population may experience
a strong lack of labour force in the future. Up to 60 percent
of Russians are elderly people, children and disabled individuals,"
the Minister for the Regional Development of Russia Vladimir Yakovlev
said in the spring of the current year.
It seems that
the Russian government does not take any measures to extricate
from the crisis despite such depressive results of the poll. The
mortgage program is the only kind of support, which the government
can offer for the time being.
economic policy of the Russian government bears some resemblance
to the 1960s, when Nikita Khrushchev allowed women to make abortions,
which subsequently relieved many women of maternity burden and
attracted them to the national economy.
- The contents of our news section are taken from various Russian
sources and are included here for information purposes only. By
including this information we hope to give readers an insight
into Russian life. As a translation company, we are in no way
endorsing, agreeing or supporting any views contained within.