is like an insurance premium to guarantee security
Bribe of the Year" operation took place in Moscow's Baltschug
Kempinski Hotel on Monday. A million dollars cash - this is the
amount of the bribe, which deputy chairman of the Credit Organizations
Administration with the Russian Federal Fiscal Service, Oleg Alekseyev,
received during the operation. The official did not have a chance
to enjoy the money, though. Investigators found out that the official
was asking for bribes even if he did not promise to solve the
problems of a credit organization completely.
found three cases in his office, in which another million dollars
of bribes was resting. One of the Moscow bankers reported extortion
to the police: the banker said that Alekseyev was asking for a
bribe in return to his services to eliminate tax claims, which
had been unveiled during a fiscal inspection. The sum of the claims
evaluated at $50-60 million. A bribe usually makes up one-tenth
of the supposedly unpaid funds. The official told the banker to
pay him a million dollars for an official document, which would
say that the found claims were not to be treated as serious.
of the Russian Anti-Corruption Committee, Anton Belyakov, stated
that bribes may vary in Russia from $100 (to a police officer)
to $20 million (to acquire the official position of a governor).
"A bribe can be received in cash; it is possible to make
a bank transfer too. An official can also be bribed with property
such as an apartment, a car, expensive furniture, or a trip abroad.
Cash is the most secure form of a bribe: other ways of bribery
can leave traces - documents. Furthermore, Russian banks have
increased the cash interest from 1.5 to 8 percent," Belyakov
amount of bribes on the business market of Russia has increased
to $135,8 thousand. A successful Russian businessman has to pay
about $243,7 thousand of bribes a year as opposed to $23,000 in
2001. The Russian market of bribes is evaluated at some $316 billion
of bribes in Russia could be compared to the amount of bribery
in India or Nepal a year ago. Nowadays, financial interests of
Russian officials have increased to the level of bribes in Niger
or Sierra-Leone, specialists from Transparency International said.
has recently presented the index of corruption in governmental
agencies of the world. The index is based on the extensive research,
which Transparency International conducted during the recent three
years. Iceland, Finland, New Zealand and Denmark were listed as
the states with the minimum level of corruption in official circles.
Russia took the 126th place among 159 countries on the list, having
shared the position with Albania, Niger and Sierra-Leone.
believe that officials start taking more because they are not
certain of their future. "When you don't know how long you
can keep your position, you want to take as much as you can,"
expert Aleksey Kozhevnikov said. "There are a lot of decisions,
which can result in either immense losses or considerable profits
for companies, that is why the price of the question has increased
so much," an official from the Russian Ministry for Economic
Development and Trade said.
Igor Nikolayev is certain that anti-corruption agencies can only
generate higher bribes, even if they try to work hard to reduce
the level of bribery. Corruption is like an insurance technique,
which businessmen have to pay for their security.
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